Hospital-acquired infection Tag

Cleaning and sanitising as a distinct two-step process is the key step in effective infection control. in order to understand how cleaning and sanitising is effective, we need to briefly examine how a microorganism migrates to a susceptible host. This migration follows a path (or...

Hand hygiene as long been considered to be the single most important preventative measure in the transmission of infectious agents. Measures to undertake hand hygiene are surprisingly straightforward and effective decontamination can be achieved through the use of soaps or detergents and a compatible disinfectant. But compliance in health care facilities across all employees and the public, even in full sight of hand hygiene instructions, is often poor. What compliance and surveillance studies that have been conducted have indicated a complex picture of many different practices, working cultures, management motivation and different educational strategies.

Any surface exposed to the environment will, initially be coated with the surrounding environmental constituents (e.g. water, electrolytes and various organic and non-organic substances). It is likely that the presence of water, electrolytes and other substances could provide the stimulus for microbial growth and its further colonisation onto the material surfaces in vitro. Subsequently, any surface or material will likely to be affected in whatever its role or function. If the surface or material is used in a hospital or a food preparation environment, then it is essential that surface be free from any bio-contamination.